The anthrax bacillus was the first bacterium shown to be the cause of a disease. In 1877, Robert Koch grew the organism in pure culture, demonstrated its ability to form endospores, and produced experimental anthrax by injecting it into animals.
Robert Koch's original micrographs of the anthrax bacillus
Anthrax is primarily a disease of domesticated and wild animals, particularly herbivorous animals, such as cattle, sheep, horses, mules, and goats. Humans become infected incidentally when brought into contact with diseased animals, which includes their flesh, bones, hides, hair and excrement.
In humans, anthrax is fairly rare; the risk of infection is about 1/100,000. The most common form of the disease in humans is cutaneous anthrax, which is usually acquired via injured skin or mucous membranes.
A minor scratch or abrasion, usually on an exposed area of the face or neck or arms, is inoculated by spores from the soil or a contaminated animal or carcass. The spores germinate, vegetative cells multiply, and a characteristic gelatinous edema develops at the site. This develops into papule within 12-36 hours after infection. The papule changes rapidly to a vesicle, then a pustule (malignant pustule), disease is frequently fatal.and finally into a necrotic (Carbuncle) ulcer from which infection may disseminate
Giving rise to septicemia, Lymphatic swelling also occurs within seven days.
Skin Lesion -Ulcus
The disease, inhalation anthrax (woolsorters' disease), results most commonly from inhalation of spore-containing dust where animal hair or hides are being handled. The disease begins abruptly with high fever and chest pain. It progresses rapidly to a systemic hemorrhagic pathology and is often fatal if treatment cannot stop the invasive aspect of the infection.
Gastrointestinal anthrax is analogous to cutaneous anthrax but occurs on the intestinal mucosa. As in cutaneous anthrax, the organisms probably invade the mucosa through a preexisting lesion. The bacteria spread from the mucosal lesion to the lymphatic system. Intestinal anthrax results from the ingestion of poorly cooked meat from infected animals. Intestinal anthrax, although extremely rare in developed countries, has an extremely high mortality rate.
Meningitis due to B. anthracis is a very rare complication that may result from a primary infection elsewhere.
What is the medical countermeasure?
Prior to exposure, prevention through vaccination, Otherwise, antibiotics such as penicillin, ciprofloxacin, and doxycycline are the drugs of choice for treatment of anthrax.
Treatment with antibiotics must begin prior to the onset of symptoms and must include vaccination prior to discontinuing their use.
The use of antibiotics keep the patient alive until their body can build an immunity to anthrax via vaccination. After symptoms appear however, inhalational anthrax is almost always fatal, regardless of treatment.
Cluster Matrix A
This Code array shows the Hebrew of the Torah text from Genesis Ch15 V 4 to Genesis Chapter 19 V 11
|Central Term : Hagachelet
at ELS 401
Hagachelet = The ANTHRAX
key words set :
The anthrax bacillus was the first bacterium shown to be the cause of a disease. In 1877, Robert Koch grew the organism in pure culture, demonstrated its ability to form endospores.
The Cluster of Matrix A in Detail
***an important point is that in close proximity to the word Hagachelet(the Anthrax) we found three times the words Bacillus & Infector , Koch ,Spore , Disease Carbuncle .
Some of the key words share a common letter and share some common space:
- Hagachelet (the Anthrax) shared with the word Bacillus, the letter Tav
- the words infector (Zehum) have in common the letters: He
- the word Metgy (bacillus) shared with the word Infector the letter Mem
Cluster Matrix B
The Matrix starts at Leviticus Ch 16 V 21 and Ends at Numbers Ch 33 V 41 .
Central Term : Anthrax at ELS (- 2058 )
key words set :
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